Recently we had a customer call us after a visit with her physician. She stated she was suffering from rheumatoid arthritis and her physician mentioned the negative impact RA has on the immune system. Her physician told her she needed to get extra protection from mosquitoes because the diseases they carry could more easily enter her system due to a compromised immune system. Now that chikungunya has made its way into our area, and in Florida mosquitoes are confirmed to have transmitted the disease to humans, protection from mosquitoes is as important as ever. West Nile virus and chikungunya are all related to the Asian tiger mosquito, which unfortunately resides in Maryland and is an all-day biter. When it comes to mosquito control we have heard a lot of complaining about the irritating bites and the protection of kids and pets, but it was definitely new to be Dr. prescribed, so to speak.
It seems every summer, from the middle of July to the end of August, there is a reported case of West Nile virus in Maryland. It is almost as predictable as the rising and setting of the sun. The timing of these infections is not purely coincidental and can be traced simply to the migratory patterns of birds in certain cases. It also has to do with the alarming number of birds that are vectors for the West Nile virus. Not all birds are considered vectors for transmission of the disease, but two well-known birds are (the Blue jay and hawks). A sign that birds are infected in your area, according to an article, is when you see crows flying as if they were drunk. They may take off 2 feet above the ground for a couple hundred yards then land again. Their wings droop in almost a drunken way, and they may flip over while landing. Unlike blue jays and hawks, crows are considered a “dead-end host”. This means they are not capable of passing West Nile any further. When you see signs that crows, whose once loud and robust caws could be heard without effort, now sound dim and weak you might be seeing the effects of West Nile. Where there are crows being infected, there are also blue jays and hawks to follow suit.
According to Maryland’s Department of Mental Health and Hygiene, from July 1-October 31, 2013 there were 16 cases of West Nile virus instances found in humans. An additional 3 cases were found in animals from August to September, 2013. The surveillance report illustrated how important it is to rid areas of standing water. From July 16th through September 4th, 2013 there were 18 reported mosquito pools that tested positive for West Nile virus including one pool testing positive for both West Nile and Eastern Equine Encephalitis. This goes to show the importance of adhering to Mosquito Squad’s “5 T’s” in order to keep your surrounding property safer with regards to mosquito breeding and facilitation of West Nile.
In a previous blog post we referred to an article illustrating the capacity for mosquito-to-human transmission of West Nile virus. The article gave great insight as to how the potential for being infected with West Nile virus rose so dramatically, stating, “The West Nile virus can be transmitted by mosquito species other than the Asian Tiger. However, the all-day feeding habits of the Asian Tiger mosquito may increase the risk of spreading West Nile virus. The Maryland mosquito spraying program is not the best against the Asian Tiger mosquito. Spraying is usually done at sunset or after dark for native mosquitoes. Asian Tiger mosquitoes are virtually absent during these hours.” Mosquito Squad’s treatments use a different product than that used by the state and are more effective because we go into the backyards and spray areas where the state’s spray does not reach. The product Mosquito Squad uses has a residual affect that will kill mosquitoes that come onto the treated area, while still being people and pet friendly. This has resulted in much better control of the Asian Tiger mosquito in many yards around Frederick.
In February of this year (2014), Virginia Tech researchers did studies to test stink bugs’ resilience in extreme cold temperatures. According to their research they concluded, “…about 95 percent of them were exterminated (when temperatures hovered around zero degrees for several days)”, due to the renowned “polar vortex” much of the Northeast experienced extreme cold for a longer than average duration. The research, unfortunately, was only limited to Blacksburg, Virginia where temperatures were closer to the zero degree mark, unlike Maryland.
According to another article by the Washington Post, Mike Raupp disputed the mortality rate of stink bugs. He remained more guarded in his prediction of the stink bug population in Maryland. While Blacksburg had a few days at 4 degrees below zero, Maryland did not. A research entomologist for the Agriculture Department also believes that stink bugs were not as greatly affected by the colder than average winter. Entomologist Tracey Leskey stated, “Unfortunately, they’re (stink bugs) doing just fine”. According to Leskey, “Even if they did die in bunches, they enter winter with an enormous population, so plenty of survivors rush out in spring to multiply”. Compounding the lower than expected mortality rates of stink bugs in the elements is the fact that many stink bugs make their way into homes during the cold months. Mike Raupp stated, “Every day I’ve had a stink bug wandering across my desk; they’re doing fine in my house”.
Just last week we had a customer reporting a large number of stink bugs on his house. He noticed hey were smaller than usual, but stinkbugs nonetheless. This created the potential for an explosion of the stink bug population on this customer’s property, as there were now 2 generations of stink bugs (adult stink bugs and nymph stink bugs). A nymph (stink bug) looks extremely different than an adult stink bug; in most cases it looks so dissimilar that people think they are seeing an immature tick or other small insects. According to a research article, the brown marmorated stink bug, or BMSB, has a life cycle which consists of the following:
Eggs: The white or pale green barrel-shaped eggs are laid in clusters on the undersides of leaves. Egg masses have about 25 eggs that are only about 1 mm in diameter but become apparent when nymphs have recently emerged, as they will stay at the egg mass for several days. In Pennsylvania, eggs first appeared in late June, but females continued to lay egg masses until September. Although only one generation was observed, multiple generations are likely as the distribution spreads to the south (Bernon et al. 2004).
Nymphs: As with all immature stink bugs, the nymphs lack fully developed wings and have been described as tick-like in appearance, ranging in size from 2.4 mm (1st instar) to 12 mm (5th instar). Nymphs need to molt, or shed their outer skin (exoskeleton), as they progress through five different stages or nymphal instars. First instars are colored orange or red and remain clustered around the egg mass, sometimes until they molt to the 2nd instar stage. The 2nd instar begins to develop an almost black appearance, and subsequent instars (3rd, 4th, and 5th) begin to acquire more of the adult BMSB coloration.
Adults: Adults are 12 to17 mm long (approximately 1/2 inch), and have a mottled appearance. Alternating dark and light bands occur on the last two antennal segments. Additionally, the head and pronotum are covered with patches of coppery or bluish metallic-colored punctures and the margins of the pronotum are smooth as compared to the toothed, jagged pronotal margin of Brochymena (Hoebeke 2002). The exposed lateral margins of the abdomen are marked with alternate bands of brown and white. Faint white bands are also evident on the legs.
Don’t let stink bugs take over your house, refer to our previous blog about the best way to remove them from your home. As always, if you have any questions regarding stink bugs and how to best protect your home, call us at (301) 263-7220.
WSET news published on June 23, 2014 an article discussing a stern warning from Tufts University scientists about the potential for a “tick boom” this summer. The jump in the tick population is attributed to abundant snow and a wet spring, which created ideal conditions for this tick boom. According to Tuft’s Professor Sam Telford, “the large amounts of snow this winter acts like a blanket to protect ticks. Plus the wet spring kept ticks from drying out.” The most concerning aspect of the impending tick boom is that it especially applies to the type of ticks that carry Lyme Disease.
According to another article, “June and July are the peak season for the tiny, hard to see nymph ticks which are believed to be the main vector for transmitting Lyme Disease”. The larger issue with the nymph tick is the size of the bug itself. The nymph tick can be especially hard to locate and it is possible to have a nymph tick on your body the size of a comma and, therefore, overlooked as being a freckle, or speck of dirt. Because of this, it is very important to check your body daily. With the expected explosion in the tick population imminent, protecting yourself from ticks should be the primary concern.
There’s nothing like a tick boom to inevitably lead to an uptick in Lyme disease. Adding to the difficulty on reporting the statistical analysis of Lyme Disease, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention believes that “only 10% of the people infected with Lyme disease are accurately diagnosed”. In Maryland in 2013 there were 1,194 cases of Lyme Disease reported, however, the CDC estimates actual cases in Maryland were approximately 11,000. The need for tick control is higher now more than ever. According to the Centers for Disease Control homeowners should “Consider using a professional pesticide company to apply pesticides at your home” to protect from ticks in your yard. If you have any questions or concerns related to tick control and how to protect you and your family from ticks, give Mosquito Squad of Frederick a call at (301) 263-7220 or email us at Frederick@mosquitosquad.com.
The week of June 22-June 28, 2014 has been declared the eighteenth annual “National Mosquito Control Awareness Week” by the American Mosquito Control Association (AMCA). The purpose of “Mosquito Week” is to educate the general public about the significance of mosquitoes in their daily lives and the important service provided by mosquito control workers throughout the U.S. The intention is not only to educate the general public about mosquitoes, but also the diseases which they are capable of transmitting.
The activity of mosquitoes in our area is extremely high and due to the arrival of the invasive Asian tiger mosquito, the biting activity is all day long (contrary to common belief that mosquitoes feed only during the cooler evening hours). The Asian tiger mosquito not only bites during the hot summer days, unlike native species, but is much more aggressive than its native counterparts. Click the link here to see a daily update of the current mosquito activity levels according to the Weather Channel.
This year was predicted to be especially bad for mosquito activity, much worse than any on previous record. According to an article from last year, “We could have the biggest mosquito population since 1989, which was a really bad year for mosquitoes.” Additionally, there are several more mosquito-borne diseases currently than there were in 1989. We now are contending with West Nile Virus and potentially Chikungunya due to the Asian tiger mosquito’s presence. The article stated, “The Asian Tiger is more aggressive and effective in transmitting disease than native mosquitoes, which they are ‘out-competing’ in many places.”
The more educated the general public is about the dangers of mosquitoes and the methods of ridding yourself of said dangers is of the utmost importance. Following the 5 “T’s” is always effective and highly important to help aid you in ridding your yard of unwanted mosquito breeding areas. Mosquitoes have the potential of ruining any event, whether it is a graduation party, wedding, cookout, etc. It is better to be well-informed and prepared than having guests literally itching to leave your outdoor event. For more information on how to take your yard back and gain awareness call Mosquito Squad of Frederick at (301) 263-7220 or email us today.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is monitoring several states for the Chikungunya virus, including Maryland. Due to an above average rainfall (25% higher than average), the potential for the spread of the virus has dramatically increased. Accompanying this statistic is the fact that people travel more, and in turn are exposed to foreign vector-borne illnesses which they then bring back with them. It’s a perfect storm once someone infected with Chikungunya arrives back stateside; they are the carrier, and the Asian tiger mosquito is the transmitter. Neither Chikungunya nor the Asian mosquito are native, however, due to the rapid increases in industrial globalization and travel, they are now both present in the U.S.
Mosquito control in Frederick MD is a serious issue, and Mosquito Squad is the first commercial service to tackle this issue for people who were previously unable to get help. According to the (CDC), “Two species of mosquitoes, aedes albopictus and aedes aegypti, carry the disease. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says the albopictus, commonly known as the Asian tiger mosquito, is more likely to play a larger role in transmission in the United States due to its wide distribution.” Unfortunately, we have the invasive bloodsucker known as the Asian tiger mosquito in Maryland and Mosquito Squad is fighting back. The sheer relief people experience after seeing the results of our barrier spray is astounding. People are actually able to enjoy their backyards without being constantly hounded by mosquitoes. Simply being able to walk into their own backyard without applying bug spray, or having to set up a perimeter of citronella candles is literally life-altering for our customers.
There are several methods you can use to prevent mosquito breeding in your yard, one of the most simple and helpful methods is to follow the 5 “T’s”.
Tip anything around your home that can collect water from rain or your sprinkler system. Dog bowls, plant saucers, clogged gutters and kid’s toys left out in the yard can collect enough water to be a perfect breeding ground for mosquitoes.
Remove excess grass, weeds from gardens, leaves, firewood and other leftover clippings from yards.
Turn over larger yard items that could hold water like baby pools, children’s portable sandboxes or plastic toys.
4. REMOVE TARPS
If tarps stretched over firewood piles, grills or boats aren’t taut, they’re holding water.
Call Mosquito Squad of Frederick. Our mosquito elimination barrier treatment eliminates up to 90% of the mosquitoes on your property. Remember that mosquitoes are more than just a nuisance; they can carry dangerous diseases such as West Nile virus and the Chikungunya virus.
The most important of all these is to Treat your yard. It’s been helping hundreds of people and will continue to do so. If you would like to take your yard back, give us a call today at (301) 263-7220 or email us at email@example.com.
Loudon County, VA, neighboring Frederick County, MD has declared Lyme disease to be epidemic and launched a 10 point plan to reduce the cases of Lyme Disease in the county. According to an April 9, 2012 report on Fox 5 DC, “There’s also going to be a significant awareness campaign and we want to encourage private homeowners to spray their own property to go after the ticks,’ Supervisor Ken Reid says.”
The news story describes how the tick-borne disease has impacted its victims.
“”’I taught kindergarten, but when it effected my voice, I couldn’t teach anymore,’ Benalayat says.
Speaking is difficult for her now, and everyday life focuses on treating her Lyme Disease.
‘I give myself I-V medicine and that takes an hour. I also take 30 pills every day as well’” Benalayat says.
Linda McGee was diagnosed with Lyme 8 years ago, and two of her three children have it too. Her family has paid more than $12,000 out of their pockets to treat her.
‘Insurance doesn’t cover much, and the I-V treatment was a thousand dollars a week back then,’ McGee says.
So they had to make a choice, college tuition or her intravenous antibiotic treatment. They sent their daughter off to college, and then in February, she relapsed.
‘I had some problems, and the Lyme went to my heart,’ McGee says.”
Deer ticks have a two-year life cycle and require a blood meal in order to molt from one stage to another. Typically, the nymph ticks look for a blood meal in the spring. Deer ticks typically look for their first blood meal from small animals, including white-footed mice, squirrels, chipmunks, and even foraging birds, and later blood meals from large mammals (like humans and deer). Experts have predicted that the risk of contracting Lyme disease is extremely high this year. Several factors play into this. First, the ticks, and other insects, were able to survive the mild winter better than they would in a harshly cold winter. Second, oak trees are producing fewer acorns this year. Researchers indicate that white-footed mice feed on acorns and their population goes up and down depending on the acorn production. Less mice means the ticks must look for another source for their blood meal.
Researchers at Yale University found that throughout the entire northeast from Connecticut to Maryland 1 in 5 ticks carried the bacteria that spread Lyme disease. Other studies have found that same ratio.
What can you do to protect yourself? Mosquito Squad has prepared the 6 Cs to help:
1. Clear out. Reduce your tick exposure by clearing out areas where lawn and tree debris gathers. Ticks thrive in moist, shady areas and tend to die in sunny, dry areas. Locate compost piles away from play areas or high traffic. Separate them with wood chips or gravel. Don’t position playground equipment, decks and patios near treed areas.
2. Clean. Eliminate leaf litter and brush by cleaning it up around the house and lawn edges, mow tall grasses and keep your lawn short.
3. Choose plants. Select plants and shrubs that are not attractive to deer and/or install physical barriers to keep deer out of your yard. Check with your local nursery to determine the best choices for your area.
4. Check hiding places. Know tick hiding places and check them frequently. Fences, brick walls and patio retaining walls are popular hiding places.
5. Care for family pets. Family pets can suffer from tick-borne disease and also carry infected ticks into the home. Talk to your veterinarian about using tick collars and sprays. As with all pest control products, be sure to follow directions carefully.
6. Call the pros. Professionals utilize both barrier sprays that can kill “adult” ticks on the spot as well as “tick tubes.” Strategically placed, “tick tubes” prompt field mice to incorporate tick-killing material in their bedding, effectively eliminating hundreds of tick nymphs found in each mouse nest.
News articles published on March 20, 2012 warn that the mild winter will lead to a spike in Lyme Disease in the northeast. In a previous post, we pointed out that the tick population is expected to be extremely high in 2012 because the winter has been so warm. In fact, in March 2012 we have heard several people talking about several ticks in their yards. I even had a tick on me while standing on a customer’s deck while I treated for stink bugs. Thanks to the customer for pulling it off my back. However, this article tells us that the they expect the mouse population to decrease this spring, causing the nymph ticks that normally feed on mice to seek other sources for their blood meal. Interesting to note that the have noticed a correlation between the number of acorns and the white-footed mouse population. White-footed mice typically feed on acorns. The researches noticed a decrease in the acorns, a part of a normal bust and boom cycle, and predict the mouse population will decrease due to the lack of food for that species.
The story reports: “
Mice are the preferred host for black-legged ticks, which transmit Lyme disease. Black-legged ticks need a bloodmeal at three different stages — as larvae, as nymphs and as adults. As of the spring, the larval ticks that fed on 2011′s large mouse population will be looking for their nymphal meal.
“This spring, there will be a lot of Borrelia burgdorferi-infected black-legged ticks in our forests looking for a blood meal. And instead of finding a white-footed mouse, they are going to find other mammals — like us,” Ostfeld added.”
This creates an interesting dynamic. Mice have one of their main food sources decrease, which will cause their population to decrease. Meanwhile, the mild winter is creating a large population of nymph ticks, which will need to find other mammals to feed on.
According to the Centers for Disease Control homeowners should “Consider using a professional pesticide company to apply pesticides at your home” to protect from ticks in your yard.
In a previous post, we mentioned that Maryland is one of the states where residents are at a high risk of getting Lyme Disease. A 2009 study done at Yale University and reported by Healthnewsdigest.com concludes that birds help to spread the Lyme Disease bacteria. How does this happen? Ticks infected with Lyme Disease–Yale concludes that at least 20% of all deer ticks carry the Lyme Disease bacteria–feed on birds that walk on the ground. As the birds scavage for food, ticks crawl on and bite them. The birds then migrate to other areas of the country where the tick falls off ready to spread the disease to other mammals. Healthnewsdigest.com reports: “The researchers found that I. scapularis (black-legged ticks) most consistently parasitizes bird species such as thrushes, brown thrashers, wrens and wood warblers….
Lyme disease can cause severe health problems, including arthritis, nervous system abnormalities and irregular heart rhythm. It is the most common vector-borne disease in the United States, with the number of reported human infections doubling between 1992 and 2006.”
The Yale 2009 findings corroborate findings made in 1989 by other researchers in a published article entitled Lyme Disease and Migrating Birds in the Saint Croix River Valley, Weisbrod and Johnson, Appl. Environ. Microbiology, 1989, 55(8) 1921-1924. In that study the authors contend that 22.4% of the deer ticks they encountered were infected with Borrelia Burgdorferia, the bacteria that causes Lyme Disease. They conclude their article by saying “Our data corroborate previous observations that migratory birds are important agents in the dispersal of tick-borne diseases (13, 14, 24) and support the suggestion (2, 7) that the widespread distribution of B. burgdo.feri is a function of dispersal by tick-infested birds.”
Healthnewsdisgest.com points out that deer play a role in keeping the tick population alive, but not in spreading the disease. Most people do not know that White-tailed deer have blood that is immune to the Lyme Disease bacteria. That means deer do not spread the disease, but they do provide a blood meal for deer ticks and help their population grow.
In short, we need to be aware that Lyme Disease can be easily found anywhere where birds, deer, or other wildlife can be found.